The world’s population is expected to reach 8 billion in November this year, another incredible milestone worth celebration in the long history of human civilization. Accordingly, the world’s today has succeeded in reducing the amount of poverty thanks to a remarkable progress in health care services around the globe. In Malaysia, healthcare advancement has resulted the infant mortality and the maternal mortality rate to decreased dramatically. Hence, prolong population life expectancy with more people equally have chance to live longer and healthier.
MALAYSIA DEMOGRAPHIC RESILIENT
Malaysia has a population of 32.4 million in 2020, moving up from 27.5 million in 2010. Despite the increase, the country recorded a slower average annual population growth of 1.7 percent during 2010-2020, lower than 2.1 percent recorded between 2000-2010. While the population of the country increasing each year, there is a grave concern that the world is in the midst of cascading
and multiplying crises post COVID-19 pandemic. Slower economic recovery, rising cost-of-living, food security crises caused by Russia–Ukraine conflict, increasing inflationary pressure and disastrous climate distress are a clear sign of warning of darkening global outlook the world is facing. This momentous challenges of global magnitude amid rapid demographic changes require Malaysia to take e ective holistic measures and responses to build demographic resilience.
HARNESSING THE DEMOGRAPHIC DIVIDEND
Currently, Malaysia has the most important potential to be utilized in driving the country’s forward, the productive age group. According to the 2020 Malaysian Population and Housing Census, the current age structure of the country’s population has recorded an increase in the ‘working population’ age group (15-64 years) with 69.3 percent in 2020, compared to 67.3 percent in 2010. In addition to that, 2020 Census also found that the total dependent ratio has decreased from 48.5 in 2010 to 44.3 in 2020. The increase in ‘economically active’ age group alongside declining in dependency ratio has o ers a “window of opportunity” for the country to seize.
The government hence should reap this momentary opportunity by increasing the per capita income of the population through the provision of job opportunities characterized by an efficient matching and comprehensive labour market condition. As people realise they will live longer, today’s working population will certainly accumulate greater savings in order to secure a sound financial security for their old age and become self-reliant from government assistance.
ENSURING RIGHTS AND CHOICES FOR ALL
The COVID-19 pandemic further exposed the importance of awareness about the health and rights of woman. In this context, making people aware of the importance of family planning, maternal healthcare, and human rights is an important step.
Therefore, to ensure demographic resilience, Malaysia through Ministry of Health provides comprehensive health care services for all age groups and gender, including the provision of contraceptive and sexual reproductive health which are accessible in the primary health-care facilities nationwide. The advancement of infertility treatment has long been an achievement as every human being has a right to enjoy the highest attainable state of health. Addressing infertility is therefore an important part of realizing the right of individuals and couples to found a family.