Malaysia has seen tremendous growth in the past three decades, fuelled by progressive social and economic development, and so has the size of its population. The population of Malaysia has more than doubled over the last 36 years from 13.9 million in 1980 to an estimated 31.9 million in 2016. Although the population has been increasing in size, the population growth rate has been slowing down. Population growth on a yearly basis has decreased from about 2.6% in 1980 to 1.5% in 2016. The slowdown comes as a result of a combination of public policy, rising education levels, globalization and modern lifestyles, and a shift in mindsets towards smaller-sized family norms.