The Rapid Decline of The Fertility Rates has Accelerated The Country’s Ageing Process

The population of the country is expected to increase from 32.4 million in 2017 (DOSM, 2016b) to 44.5 million by 2050. Despite the increase in the number of population, the annual population growth rate is expected to decline to 0.7% in 2050. This situation is much influenced by the decline in the fertility rate of the population in the past 36 years, it has decreased by 2 times from 4.0 children in 1980 to 1.9 children per woman aged 15 to 49 years in 2016 (DOSM, 2017a). Compared to other ASEAN countries, the country’s fertility rate is currently at the bottom 3 after Singapore (1.2) and Thailand (1.5)(UN, 2017a).

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