The delivery of the strategic action plan can be implemented in phases, guided by the following 3 core principles: (1) Impact. To ensure that the strategies are implemented based on data-driven evidences and continuously improved by applying research and best practices; (2) Coherence. To ensure that strategies are integrated via existing government programs and existing channels wherever possible, in order to maximise synergy and cost-effectiveness; (3) Partnership. To ensure that all stakeholders work together in concert, maximising inter-unit cooperation and learning, and developing strong public-private partnerships wherever possible.
The overarching goal of the strategic action plan is to be delivered in 4 phases.
Phase 1—Consolidation and Baselining—will be implemented in 2017 and 2018. Under Phase 1, stakeholder alignment takes place, and the required resources are allocated, while the baselining of key performance indicators for selected initiatives is conducted.
Phase 2—Achieving Quick Wins—will be implemented in 2019 and 2020. Under Phase 2, initiatives that have been identified as ‘Quick Wins’ (see following sections) are implemented, such that some positive results can be delivered to bolster the desired outcomes of RMK 11 and Vision 2020. Pilot implementations of remaining initiatives are also conducted under this phase.
Phase 3—Strengthening Enablers—will be implemented in 2021 and 2022. Under Phase 3, results from the pilot implementation are used to improve the full implementation in Phase 4. In addition, specific enablers, such as regulatory and legislative measures, as well as buy-in for PPPs, are strengthened.
The final phase, Phase 4—Delivering Desired Outcomes—will be implemented in 2023 to 2030. Under this phase, all remaining initiatives are fully implemented and continuously improved, via a combination of data feedback, trend spotting, and innovation scouting, such that best practices are adapted and adopted in order to meet all targets specified under this strategic action plan.
The key actions to be undertaken under each phase is summarised in the diagram below.
National and International Alignments
The strategic recommendations support and complements existing policies such as the National Family Policy, National Social Policy, National Policy on Women, National Child Policy, National Policy for Older Persons, and the Disabled Persons Policy. It also embodies the spirit of the Federal Constitution, Rukun Negara, and the goals of Vision 2020. In particular, the recommendations have been aligned with the focus areas and strategies outlined under the 11th Malaysia Plan, as follows:
Enhancing Inclusiveness Towards an Equitable Society
- Focus area A – Uplifting B40 households towards a middle-class society
- Focus area B- Empowering communities for a productive and prosperous society
- Focus area C – Transforming rural areas to uplift wellbeing of rural communities
Improving Wellbeing for All
- Focus area A – Achieving universal access to quality healthcare
- Focus area E – Enculturating the spirit of 1Malaysia to foster social cohesion and national unity
- Focus area F – Promoting sports for healthy living and unity
Accelerating Human Capital Development for an Advanced Nation
- Focus area A – Improving labour market efficiency to accelerate economic growth
- Focus area B – Transforming TVET to meet industry demand
- Focus area C – Strengthening lifelong learning for skills enhancement
Pursuing Green Growth for Sustainability and Resilience
- Focus area A – Strengthening the enabling environment for green growth
- Focus area B – Adopting the sustainable consumption and production concept
- Focus area C – Conserving natural resources for present and future generations
Strengthening Infrastructure to Support Economic Expansion
- Focus area A – Building an integrated need-based transport system
- Focus area C – Improving coverage, quality and affordability of digital infrastructure
Re-engineering Economic Growth for Greater Prosperity
- Focus area B – Energising manufacturing
- Focus area C – Modernising agriculture
- Focus area D – Transforming construction
- Focus area E – Growing Dynamic SMEs
This recommendations and initiatives are also guided by the following U.N. SDG 2030 targets:
- Create sound policy frameworks at the national, regional and international levels, based on pro-poor and gender-sensitive development strategies, to support accelerated investment in poverty eradication actions
- By 2030, reduce by one third premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being
- By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes
- By 2030, substantially increase the number of youth and adults who have relevant skills, including technical and vocational skills, for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship
- By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development
- Recognize and value unpaid care and domestic work through the provision of public services, infrastructure and social protection policies and the promotion of shared responsibility within the household and the family as nationally appropriate
- Ensure women’s full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of decision making in political, economic and public life
- Enhance the use of enabling technology, in particular information and communications technology, to promote the empowerment of women
- By 2030, achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men, including for young people and persons with disabilities, and equal pay for work of equal value
- By 2020, substantially reduce the proportion of youth not in employment, education or training
- Develop quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and transborder infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being, with a focus on affordable and equitable access for all
- By 2030, empower and promote the social, economic and political inclusion of all, irrespective of age, sex, disability, race, ethnicity, origin, religion or economic or other status
- By 2030, provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities
- By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse
- Adopt policies, especially fiscal, wage and social protection policies, and progressively achieve greater equality
- Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development
- Enhance policy coherence for sustainable development
- Encourage and promote effective public, public-private and civil society partnerships, building on the experience and resourcing strategies of partnerships.