In terms of Malaysia’s population size within ASEAN, the nation is currently ranked 6th behind Indonesia (258 million people), Philippines (101 million people), Vietnam (93 million people), Thailand (68 million people), and Myanmar (54 million people) in 2015. Malaysia’s percentage contribution to the total ASEAN population of more than 600 million is approximately 5%. However, in terms of population growth rate, Malaysia ranks 5th behind Singapore (2.0%), Laos (1.7%), Philippines (1.6%), and Cambodia (1.6%) in 2015, and is ahead of the ASEAN average of 1.2%.
In terms of age structure, 27% of ASEAN’s population are aged 14 and below, 64% are aged between 15 and 59, and 9% are aged above 60 years old in 2015. Malaysia’s age structure is reflective of the ASEAN average. Nevertheless, Malaysia’s age structure shows that it is among the oldest in the region, with Vietnam (10%), Thailand (16%), and Singapore (18%) having larger percentages of population aged 60+. In fact, Malaysia’s TFR is already among the four lowest in the region, ahead of only Singapore (1.2), Thailand (1.5), and Vietnam (2.0) in 2015.